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Cyanobacterial lifestyle and its applications in biotechnology
20/01/22 02:28PM
Prashant Singh, Maria Fillat, Ajay Kumar (ed.). Academic Press, 2021, 382p. Paperback ISBN: 9780323906340, eBook ISBN: 9780323910491

Environmental change is affecting the world's agricultural productivity. This is coupled with an increase in population: according to the United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs, the global population is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050.  Therefore, the current situation requires that we develop climate-smart technologies to improve crop productivity to sustain the ever-rising global population.  Current-day farmers are introducing a considerable amount of agrochemicals to enhance crop productivity.  Indiscriminate agrochemical application has altered not only the soil's physic-chemical and biological properties but also affected human health through food chain contamination.  Cyanobacteria, under these changing environmental conditions, may help to resolve the problem significantly without changing the natural soil properties.  In spite of their well-known stress tolerance potential, most of the cyanobacterial stress management and signaling pathways are yet to be fully characterized.  Therefore, there is an urgent need to explore cyanobacterial metabolism under stress as well as their regulatory pathways to exploit them for sustainable agriculture.  In recent decades, the application of cyanobacteria has attracted scientists because of uniqueness, better adaptability, and synthetic products.   Diverse cyanobacterial communities with the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, together with their photosynthetic properties, have demonstrated their application under field conditions.  Several cyanobacterial species have thus been exploited to enhance soil fertility, mitigate biotic and abiotic stress, and contamination management.   Cyanobacterial Lifestyle and its Applications in Biotechnology has been designed to discuss different aspects of cyanobacterial physiology with the aim of helping to provide a better understanding of advanced cyanobacterial molecular biology and their metabolism to uncover the potential of cyanobacteria in the tailoring of stress smart crops for sustainable agriculture.  Chapters include valuable information about the role of cyanobacteria in the evolution of life, cyanobacterial photosynthesis, stress-tolerant cyanobacterium, biological nitrogen fixation, circadian rhythms, genetics and molecular biology of abiotic stress responses.

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