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Adaptation Options for Rice-Based Cropping Systems in Climate Risk-Prone Provinces in the Ca Mau Peninsula: An Assessment Report.
24/03/20 08:19AM
Bui Ba Bong, Nguyen Van Bo, Le Thanh Tung, Nguyen Dinh Vuong, Chau Tai Tao and others. Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Working Paper No. 278 CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, 2019.
Abstract: This assessment report presents the results of consultation meetings and field visits organized by the Department of Crop Production and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security in Southeast Asia (CCAFS SEA) in association with the four offices of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development in the provinces of Kien Giang, Ca Mau, Bac Lieu, and Soc Trang in Mekong River Delta. --- The meetings highlighted the progress made by the provinces in converting rice lands into efficient agricultural areas and strengthening their climate change adaptation and mitigation in agriculture. Specific topics were discussed about climate risk reduction, crop production, conversion, and management, as well as the implementation of relevant circulars and decisions, especially Decision No. 1915/QD-BNH-KH issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. This decision approved the Master Plan for Rice Production Development in Mekong River Delta to 2025, Vision to 2030 under the context of Climate Change. --- The Master Plan is deemed important not only for the Mekong River Delta, but also for other coastal areas in Vietnam. As the provinces use the Master Plan to craft and implement their climate actions, this report aims to contribute valuable inputs. Among the report’s contributions is showing the relevance of climate-related risks maps and adaptation plans (CS MAP), which were proved to be complementary tools with the rice planting calendars. --- This report also looks at various issues that affect the agricultural transformation of the region. Aside from climate risks, unstable prices of agricultural products in the local and global markets, the current status of linkages between farmers and their potential markets, their lack of knowledge and skills in growing new crops, and spontaneous breaching of provincial government plans in changing cropping systems all affect the agricultural  transformation in the Mekong River Delta. Compounding these issues is the lack of investments to modernize agricultural infrastructures.

Free full text https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/106707/CCAFS%20WP%20278_Ca%20Mau%20Peninsula%20Assessment.pdf.
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