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Masculinization of Agriculture in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta: The Power of Migration and Remittance Investment on Adoption of Sustainable Production Practice.
13/03/19 02:14PM
Jenny Lovell. Salween and Red Rivers: Sharing Knowledge and Perspectives Across Borders | Faculty of Political Science International Conference on the Mekong, Chulalongkorn University | 12th November 2016, 2016.
Abstract: The story of Vietnam’s agrarian transition is increasingly a tale of gendered migration. Vietnam emerged as a rice production giant in the 1990s due to policy and infrastructural change. Meanwhile, female farmers began migrating from the delta to the city due to the lack of local wage labor jobs and a largely patriarchal land tenure system. In this way, Vietnam shows an opposing trend to the “feminization of agriculture” seen across Southeast Asia and parts of Latin America by showing an increasingly male-managed farm. Today, men are increasingly double-burdened with managing the farm and the family, while women work wage labor jobs in the city to send remittances back home. This article is a gender disaggregated plot-level study exploring on-farm practices to determine if gender is a driver of sustainable or intensification practices. The study uses plot-level data to understand sustainable practice adoption by gender. Results indicate that access to extension training, education, and credit constraints have an impact on sustainable practice adoption. Male- and jointlymanaged plots are significantly more likely to adopt less popular sustainable practices such as intercropping, using mulch, composting, and integrated pest management. Similar studies from other Provinces in the Mekong River Delta could build a robust case for understanding gendered impacts on sustainable practices across southern Vietnam, helping the Plant Protection Department (PPD) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) target effective extension trainings to improve sustainable practice adoption.
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