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Agricultural Extension and Poverty Reduction: Strategic choices in ethnic minority communities: Policy Brief.
23/10/19 07:59AM
Oxfam, 2014.
Key Messages:
 
(i) For agricultural extension to realize its poverty reduction mission, strategic  choices are needed in policy design at the central level, and in implementation  of solutions at the local level, through an agricultural extension plan toward  sustainable poverty reduction in ethnic minority communities, integrated into  the agriculture reform plan.
 
(ii) The State budget for agricultural extension should be restructured, based on  the clear delineation between “agricultural extension for livelihoods” (towards poor  areas) and “agricultural extension for commodity production” (towards areas with  possibility of commodity production) 
 
(iii) A coordination mechanism for stakeholders implementing agricultural  extension at the provincial and district level needs to be established, so that they  are part of the existing “steering committee” for the New Rural Program managed by  the Agriculture – Rural Development sector. This will ensure planning, integration of  activities, supervision and evaluation of local agricultural extension and production  support activities are carried out.
 
(iv) Agricultural extension approaches should be tailored to ethnic minorities,  based on “micro-agricultural extension projects”2 which should last long enough (2-3  years). They must be organized to suit local conditions and customs, indigenous  knowledge, language and culture. The Farmers Field School (FFS) method and “self-  managed households group” should be made into policies.
 
(v) Reforms of the agricultural extension model replication policy and agriculture  production support should be based on a comprehensive assessment (effectiveness,  approaches, implementation procedures, suitability, conditions and channels  for replication), so that measures for replication can be expanded, (information  and communications, advertisement, field workshop, support with key seeds and  seedlings and materials, and access to capital and market). [Oxfam-Policy-Brief_Agricultural-Extension_EN]. 


Free full text http://www.oxfamblogs.org/vietnam/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/Policy-Brief_Agricultural-Extension_EN.pdf.
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