Ionomics and metabolomics analysis reveal the molecular mechanism of metal tolerance of Pteris vittata L. dominating in a mining site in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam 'Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in peatland areas: A case study in Long An province of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
26/09/22 09:06AM
Minh Ky Nguyen, Chitsan Lin, Nguyen Tri Quang Hung, et al. Science of The Total Environment, 844: 157066, 2022.

Abstract: Vietnam is known as one of the high plastic consumption countries in Southeast Asia. This study initially determined characteristics of microplastics (MPs) including morphology, polymer type, and abundance at peatland areas in Mekong Delta in Vietnam. The MPs level was found with an average abundance of 192.3 ± 261.3 items kg−1. In details, those values at Thanh Hoa, Duc Hue, and Tan Thanh were observed at 57.0 ± 110.4 items kg−1, 7.0 ± 10.6 items kg−1, and 513.0 ± 186.9 items kg−1, respectively. The results indicated that MP particle contaminations in peatland sediments are significant among sampling sites (p < 0.001). Also, FT–IR analysis indicated that polyvinyl chloride is the primary polymer (46.2 %), followed by polyethylene (20.9 %), and polypropylene (9.2 %) in peatland samples and their composition varies in different regions significantly. The fragments (67.0 %) and films (24.6 %) were the most common shapes, followed by fibers (7.6 %) and foams (0.9 %). Small MPs with particle size (300–1000 μm) was the most abundant in sediment samples. Moreover, the most popular colors observed in peatland sediments were aqua (26.6 %), white (25.6 %), blue (25.4 %), and green (12.7 %). Our findings indicated that anthropogenic factors and environmental processes that caused the transformation/transportation and accumulation, leading to rising MP contaminant concerns in peatland areas in Mekong Delta in Vietnam, mainly in terms of the spatial distribution of MPs. In summary, this study provided an in-depth knowledge of microplastic pollution in peatland areas, which is crucial for the building sustainable development strategies in these areas.


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