Weather-induced shocks, coping strategies and farmer food consumption in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta: a case in Long An province
06/09/22 12:03PM
Canh Thi Nguyen, Thanh Quang Ngo and Quan Hong Nguyen. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print), 2022. More information Free full text

Abstract: Purpose The paper aims to assess the impact of weather-induced shocks on household food consumption in the rural Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD) through the case of Long An province and evaluate the effectiveness of widely used coping strategies in mitigating weather-related shock impacts. Design/methodology/approach The system generalized method of moments (GMM) estimation method is applied to explore information on shock incidence, recovery, and time occurrences. The paper uses a sample of 272 repeated farming households from 5-wave survey data from 2008 to 2016, resulting in 1,360 observations. Findings The paper confirms the robust negative effect of a natural shock on food consumption. Additionally, using savings proves to be the most potent measure to smooth food consumption. Other favorable coping strategies are “getting assistance from relatives, friends” or “getting assistance from the Government, and non-government organizations (NGOs).” The mitigating effects are also traced in the current analysis. Research limitations/implications Using caution when generalizing the results from Long An to the whole VMD is reasonable. The rather limited observations of coping strategies do not allow the authors to analyze any specific strategy. Originality/value The proposed approach employs the GMM technique and controls for endogenous coping strategies and thus provides accurate estimates of the effects of weather-related shocks and the mitigation effectiveness in the rural VMD.