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Genetic diversity and population structure of the Giant mottled Eel, Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 in Central Vietnam
17/03/23 09:24AM
Anh Tuan Nguyen; Hoc Tan Dao; Hoang, Tan Quang; Hagihara, Seishi; Lokman, P Mark; et al.  Fishes; Basel Vol. 7, Iss. 5, (2022): 286. DOI:10.3390/fishes7050286
Abstract: The giant mottled eel, Anguilla marmorata, is at high risk of extinction due to overfishing of glass eels and elvers to provide stock for eel farming. In Vietnam, information on the genetic diversity and population structure of this species, which is necessary for resource management, is limited. In order to address this paucity of information, sequencing of the entire mitochondrial control region (mtDNA) was carried out for 176 individuals collected from central Vietnam. The sequences were investigated using various genetic, phylogenetic and population analyses. A total of 165 distinct haplotypes were identified. The percentage of variation within and among populations was 99.26% and 0.74%, respectively. The fixation index was low (0.007) and not significant (p = 0.096). Therefore, panmixia and a lack of significant population genetic structuring seem likely for A. marmorata in central Vietnam. Most sampled eels were genetically similar to eels found in North Pacific populations (Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines), except for one sample from Quang Tri and two samples from Binh Dinh, which had high values of genetic identity (97% to 99%) with South Pacific populations (Tahiti, Fiji, New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea). Taken together, we suggest that A. marmorata from the North and South Pacific populations co-exist in central Vietnam.

(Source: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/genetic-diversity-population-structure-giant/docview/2728462564/se-2)